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Home > History > Battle of Fort Dearborn

Battle of Fort Dearborn

This articles describes the Battle of Fort Dearborn in the War of 1812.
Fort Dearborn
Fort Dearborn

A Horrible Massacre

The Battle of Dearborn, on the site of present-day Chicago, Illinois, was an important port on Lake Michigan during the time of the war.

In August of 1812, American General William Hull ordered an evacuation of American forces at Fort Dearborn because he feared a British attack. 66 soldiers, 18 children, 30 women, and nine Miami Indian warriors left the fort and began their journey east to Fort Wayne. About two miles south of the fort, Potowatomi Indians under the command of Chief Blackbird, angry about the increasing encroachment of White settlers on their land, ambushed the evacuees and killed half of them. Twelve of the eighteen children were killed by a single Potowatomi warrior. Fort Dearborn was subsequently burned to the ground and the region remained free of Americans until after the war. The survivors remained prisoners of the Potowatomi for more than a year. Some of the prisoners were sold to the British who promptly freed them.

War of 1812 Battles

November 7th, 1811 - Battle of Tippecanoe
July 17, 1812 - Battle of Fort Mackinac
August 15, 1812 - Massacre at Fort Dearborn
October 13, 1812 - Battle of Queenston's Heights
January 22, 1813 - Battle of Frenchtown
March 30, 1813 - Battle of Lacolle Mills
April 27, 1813 - Battle of York
May 1-9, 1813 - Siege at Fort Meigs
August 15-16, 1813 - Surrender of Fort Detroit
September 10, 1813 - Battle of Lake Erie
October 5, 1813 - Battle of Thames
1813-1814 - Creek War
July 5- 1814 - Battle of Chippawa
July 25, 1814 - Battle of Lundy's Lane
August 24, 1814 - Battle of Bladensburg
August 25, 1814 - The Razing of Washington
September 6-11, 1814 - Battle of Plattsburgh
September 12-14, 1814 - Siege of Baltimore
November 11, 1814 - Battle of Crysler's Farm
January 8, 1815 - Battle of New Orleans

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