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Home > History > Creek War

Creek War

This articles describes the Creek War in the War of 1812.
Creek War
Creek War

The Creek War was a localized war between the settlers in Kentucky, Alabama, and Tennessee and the Creek Indians. It is sometimes considered part of the War of 1812, a larger conflict between the United States and Great Britain, though in reality the two events were totally separate. U.S. military intervention in 1814 quickly brought an end to the hostilities.

Massacre at Fort Mims

As White settlers invaded the ancestral lands of the Creeks, leadership within the tribe differed on how to approach the problem. The upper Creeks favored violence, while the lower Creeks favored diplomacy. In August of 1813, the upper Creeks took matters into their own hands my massacring settlers at Ft. Mims on the Alabama River. Over 350 settlers were killed in the ambush. The ambush quickly provoked various militia groups into action, along with the U.S. military. Tennessee militiamen, Lower Creek warriors, and other forces commanded by Andrew Jackson staged retaliatory attacks on the Upper Creeks at Talladega and Auttosee, killing hundreds and scorching many villages.

Horseshoe Bend and the Treaty of Fort Jackson

On March 27, 1814, Jackson and his forces annihilated Creek resistance at Horseshoe Bend, Alabama, killing over 900 Creek warriors and capturing 500 women and children as prisoners. This battle ended the Creek War and caused many in the resistance to flee and join the Seminoles in Florida. The Lower Creeks, who remained loyal to Jackson, were forced to sign the 1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ceded 20 million acres of Creek territory in Georgia and Alabama to the U.S. Government. By 1836, virtually all Creeks were removed from the area and forced into reservations in Oklahoma

War of 1812 Battles

November 7th, 1811 - Battle of Tippecanoe
July 17, 1812 - Battle of Fort Mackinac
August 15, 1812 - Massacre at Fort Dearborn
October 13, 1812 - Battle of Queenston's Heights
January 22, 1813 - Battle of Frenchtown
March 30, 1813 - Battle of Lacolle Mills
April 27, 1813 - Battle of York
May 1-9, 1813 - Siege at Fort Meigs
August 15-16, 1813 - Surrender of Fort Detroit
September 10, 1813 - Battle of Lake Erie
October 5, 1813 - Battle of Thames
1813-1814 - Creek War
July 5- 1814 - Battle of Chippawa
July 25, 1814 - Battle of Lundy's Lane
August 24, 1814 - Battle of Bladensburg
August 25, 1814 - The Razing of Washington
September 6-11, 1814 - Battle of Plattsburgh
September 12-14, 1814 - Siege of Baltimore
November 11, 1814 - Battle of Crysler's Farm
January 8, 1815 - Battle of New Orleans

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