loud speaker

Parents and Teachers: While MrNussbaum.com and its 10,000+ activities are always free, if you wish to subscribe to MrN 365, enter the coupon code august45 (to celebrate my 45th birthday) to receive 55 percent off the normal price through August. If you choose to renew, your renewal price will always reflect the 55% discount!

arrow up
Home > History > Cyrus McCormick Biography

Cyrus McCormick Biography

This is a full biography on Cyrus McCormick - inventor of the reaper.

Cyrus McCormick

Cyrus McCormick

Following in his Father's Footsteps

Cyrus McCormick was an American inventor and businessman. McCormick was born on February 15, 1809, in Rockbridge County, Virginia. McCormick is remembered in history for his invention of the mechanical reaper, a machine that could cut and gather crops quickly. He is also remembered being the founder of the McCormick Harvesting Company. From an early age, McCormick was interested in creating a working reaper. His father spent nearly 28 years trying to perfect his reaper design. The younger McCormick followed his father's work and eventually attempted his own reaper design with the help of Jo Anderson, a slave on the McCormick plantation.

Improving Mechanical Reaper

On June 21, 1834, Cyrus McCormick was granted a patent for his mechanical reaper design. At first the reaper didn't sell well because many farmers felt that the design was too hard to use for small farms. McCormick continued to work to improve his mechanical reaper design. In 1848, he applied for a second mechanical reaper patent that included many improvements to his original patent. In 1849, Cyrus and his brother William McCormick moved to Chicago and worked together to continue to build their family business of selling mechanical reapers.

Selling and Marketing the Reaper

The Reaper

McCormick's Reaper

The McCormick brothers worked hard to market and sell their reapers to farmers with large farms and eventually enjoyed great success. The McCormick brothers showed innovation in their business practices and hired large numbers of trained salesman to demonstrate and market their products. With the expansion of domestic railroads, the McCormick reaper could be distributed throughout the nation. McCormick died on May 18, 1884 nearly 50 years after patenting the mechanical reaper. Mechanical reapers like the ones built by the McCormick family will always be remembered for the speed and efficiency that they brought to the harvesting of crops on American farmland, during the late nineteenth century.

 

UPGRADE TO MRN365.COM

Upgrade to MrN 365 to access our entire library of incredible educational resources and teacher tools in an ad-free environment. If you like MrNussbaum.com, you will LOVE MrN 365!

Learn More