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Home > History > Jane Goodall Biography

Jane Goodall Biography

This is a complete biography on Jane Goodall.

Chimpanzees

Early Life

Jane Goodall was born April 3, 1934, in England. Her parents divorced when she was eight years old and she moved with her mother to Bournemouth, England. In Bournemouth, Jane met the legendary wildlife expert, Sir Richard Attleborough, who taught Jane about the wonders of primates and the importance of preserving their fragile habitats.

The Wonders of Primates

In 1957, Jane was hired as a secretary to travel with anthropologist Louis Leaky to Kenya and Tanzania. She was immediately captivated by the trusting animals when she was first approached by a chimpanzee that she named David Greybeard. She soon began feeding David on a regular basis, and eventually he took bananas straight from her hand and even allowed her to groom him. Other chimpanzees, observing the interactions between Jane and David, allowed Jane to observe them at close range. Goodall soon began studying chimpanzee social structure in Tanzania's Gombe Stream National Park. While studying chimpanzees, Goodall made several important discoveries about the animals. She first discovered that the chimps were intelligent enough to fashion tools from natural resources in their surroundings for obtaining termites deep within their nests. It was the first time in history that animals other than humans had been documented constructing tools. Her observations led many in the scientific community to consider the close evolutionary relationship between humans and chimpanzees. Goodall also discovered that chimpanzees hunted and ate African bushpigs, which disproved the theory that Chimpanzees were strictly herbivorous (plant-eaters). Goodall soon returned to England and earned a doctorate from the University of Cambridge in ethology (animal behavior).

Awards and Legacy

In 1977, Goodall founded the Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education and Conservation, to support continuous research into chimpanzee society. Today, Goodall has received dozens of prestigious awards including several honorary doctorates. In 2003, she was named as a "Dame of the British Empire," an award similar to that of knighthood. In 2004, she was named a United Nations "Messenger of Peace"

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