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Home > History > Amendment 25 - United States Constitution Interactive

Amendment 25 - United States Constitution Interactive

This page provides the text and interpreted text of the 25th Amendment of the United States Constitution. It is part of our interactive Constitution.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon B. Johnson is Sworn in as President

What does it Say?

Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

What does it Mean?

The 25th Amendment, known as the Presidential Succession Amendment, declares that the vice-president will become president in the event that the president resigns, dies, or, is no longer able to fulfill duties. Conversely, if the vice-president resigns, dies, or is no longer able to fulfill duties, the president will nominate a vice-president. The nominated vice-president must be confirmed by a majority vote in both houses of Congress. Prior to this amendment, vacancies in the office of vice-president remained unfulfilled until the next election.

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