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13 Colonies – Georgia Colony

   

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This page is about the founding of and history of the Georgia Colony. Did you know it was originally founded as a refuge for debtors?

 

Home >> United States History >> 13 Colonies >> 13 Colonies Profiles >> Georgia Colony

 

James Oglethorpe

James Oglethorpe

Georgia Colony Activities on MrNussbaum.com

 
Georgia Colony Reading Comprehension Online – This is an online reading comprehension exercise with ten questions. Students get immediate feedback. Appropriate for grades 5-9.
Georgia Colony Printable Reading Comprehension – This is a two-page printable reading comprehension exercise. The first page contains the text and the second page contains the multiple choice questions. Appropriate for grades 5-8.
South Carolina Today – This is a beautiful interactive, clickable map of South Crolina that allows kids to click on its cities, landmarks, and places of interest, to learn in-depth information about their histories.
What Colony am I? – This activity requires students to read descriptions of several colonies and then to identify them.
Georgia Today – This is a beautiful interactive, clickable map of Georgia that allows kids to click on its cities, landmarks, and places of interest, to learn in-depth information about their histories.
 

History of Georgia Colony

 

The colony of Georgia, located directly in between the English colony of South Carolina, and the Spanish colony of Florida, was the subject of frequent military invasions by both sides until the Yamassee War (1715-1716) left the area devoid of people.

In 1732, James Oglethorpe received a royal charter for the Province of Georgia. It was named after King George II. Oglethorpe imagined the area as a refuge for England’s poor people, who were crowded together in debtor’s prisons. He believed the debtors would become farmers and possibly soldiers to defend the colony from the Spanish in Florida. In 1733, 116 settlers arrived in modern-day Savannah aboard the HMS ANNE. Georgia would become the last of the English colonies in the New World. Soon, immigrants throughout the world came to Georgia in the hopes of being awarded generous land grants and Georgia quickly become a major center for the export of rice, indigo, beef and pork.

In 1742, British forces under James Oglethorpe attacked a garrison of Spanish soldiers near present-day St. Simon’s island in what came to be known as the Battle of Bloody Run. After about an hour, the Spanish were defeated and permanently abandoned their attempts to invade Georgia.