Casablanca, meaning white house in Spanish, is the largest city and chief port of Morocco. In addition, it is the sixth largest city in Africa and the largest city in Maghreb (the region of Africa that includes Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, Western Sahara, and Mauritania.) It is the industrial center of Morocco and features one of the world's largest artifical ports.
Casablanca is perhaps best known as the setting for the famous 1942 film of the same name. The movie illustrated the city as the center of a power struggle between European nations. During World War II, the city served as a strategic port and was the site of the 1943 Casablanca Conference, in which Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt planned the European strategies for the Allied forces. During this conference, Allied leaders agreed to seek nothing less than unconditional surrender from the Axis Powers.