Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires
Photo Credit: Alejandro Islas Photograph AC

Buenos Aires is the largest city and capital of Argentina . Located on the banks of the Rio de la Plata, it remains a major South American port, despite the fact it lies 150 miles west of the Atlantic Ocean. The area was first colonized by the Spanish in 1536, and settled around 1580. In 1853, Buenos Aires seceded from Argentina because of a dispute over the nation’s constitution and national political control. Buenos Aires reunited with Argentina in 1862, after it was declared the Argentine capital. Today, it is a diverse city with large populations of Spanish, French, Italian, Eastern European peoples. It is the commercial, financial and cultural center of Argentina. It is also a major food-processing center, with huge meatpacking and refrigeration plants and flour mills.

Buenos Aires is a major cultural center, home to many landmarks and attractions including the National Library; the Teatro Colon, one of the world’s most famous opera houses; and the Museum of Latin American Art (Malba).


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