Read the passage and answer the questions.

While Massachusetts may be one of America’s smallest state by size, it’s certainly one of America’s most important states in history. Many of America’s “firsts” occurred in the Bay State. When the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth in 1620, they wrote the Mayflower Compact. A compact is another word for “agreement.” The Mayflower Compact was the first example of a self-government in America. This means that the Pilgrims would make their own government.


Did you know America’s first college, Harvard, was founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1636? America’s first public school, the Boston Latin School was built in Boston, Massachusetts, a year earlier. Even America’s first public park, Boston Common, was established in 1634. In 1704, America’s first newspaper was published in Boston.