Read the passage and then answer the questions.
On September 17, 1862, 75,000 Union troops under the command of George McClellan, clashed with about 40,000 Confederate troops under the command of Robert E. Lee at Sharpsburg, Maryland. The horrible battle, which was the bloodiest day in American history, became known as the Battle of Antietam because of the creek (Antietam Creek) that ran through the battle site. The landmark battle was not a military victory for either side, but rather a moral and tactical victory for the Union. Lee's exhausted Army of Northern Virginia was forced to retreat to the Virginia side of the Potomac River. General McClellan, however, failed to order the pursuit of the fleeing Confederates, which ultimately allowed them to regroup.
Despite the inconclusive nature of the battle, president Abraham Lincoln declared the battle a significant victory for the Union. Lincoln's victorious assertion was important for northern morale because of significant defeats in Virginia, and increasing criticism from "Copperheads", Democrats who favored peaceful negotiations with the South. Furthermore, the Battle of Antietam provided an opportunity for president Lincoln to free all slaves still subjugated in the South. Five days after the battle, on September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed all slaves in "enemy territory" as of January 1, 1863. The announcement was hailed by abolitionists (people who opposed slavery). However, it is important to note that the new law did not free slaves being held in the border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri. Lincoln was concerned that the issuance of a universal emancipation of all slaves would persuade those states to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Who issued the Emancipation Proclamation?
The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in "enemy territory" effective _________________ .
Which of the following was not a border state?
Which of the following was a reason that the Confederates were able to regroup after the Battle of Antietam?
What does "inconclusive" mean in this sentence?
Despite the inconclusive nature of the battle, president Abraham Lincoln declared the battle a significant victory of the Union.
Which of the following sentences uses the word "inconclusive" correctly?
What was a Copperhead?
Why did the Emancipation Proclamation not free slaves in border states?
Which of the following is NOT true?
Which of the following is true?