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Charlottetown is the capital and largest city in Prince Edward Island. The town was named after queen consort Charlotte, wife of King George III. During the French and Indian War in 1758, the British took control of the region and built Fort Amherst near modern-day Charlottetown. In 1864, Charlottetown hosted the Charlottetown Convention, which lead to the establishment of the Canadian Confederation. It was during this conference that the maritime provinces of Canada were made part of Canada. Interestingly, during the conference, a circus was in town that was much more interesting to the local citizens.

Today, Charlottetown is a popular tourist attraction for its beautiful Victorian-era homes and its maritime culture. It is a frequent stop for cruise ships touring the Gulf of St. Lawrence and St. Lawrence River.
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Green Gables Heritage Place

Green Gables Heritage Site was established to honor Anne of Green Gables, one of the most beloved of Canada's fictional characters. The story, written by Prince Edward Island native Lucy Maud Montgomery in 1908, details the life of an orphan girl who is mistakenly brought to Avonlea to work on a farm owned by elderly siblings. Visitors can tour Anne's Avonlea (Anne's House) in its beautiful setting of rolling farmlands and sandy beaches.

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Prince Edward Island NP

Prince Edward Island National Park

Founded in 1937, Prince Edward Island National Park features pristine beaches, sand dunes, and wetlands. It provides critical habitat to the endangered piping plovers as well as other shorebirds. The park also includes Green Gables, which was the childhood inspiration for the famous novel Anne of Green Gables.


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Basin Head Provincial Park

Nicknamed "singing sands," Basin Head Provincial Park features beautiful white-sand beaches. The sand appears white due to its high concentration of silica. When beachgoers walk the beaches, and the sun heats up the sand, it produces a squeaking noise. Those who drag their feet through the sand can hence produce the "singing sand." In addition, Basin Head Provincial Park is the only place in the world that has Giant Irish Moss. Giant Irish Moss is unusual in that it is not anchored to the ground, and thus can only reproduce by cloning itself. It is larger than typical Irish moss and has a higher concentration of carrageenan, which is used as a thickening agent in many products.

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Wood Islands

Wood Islands is a small fishing community located in Prince Edward Island. It is most famous for being the home of the Wood Islands Lighthouse, one of Canada's most historic and well-known lighthouses. Today, the Wood Islands Lighthouse features a lighthouse museum and allows visitors to tour the lighthouse and even visit the built-in living quarters and kitchen of the former lighthouse keeper.

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Wood Islands

Fast Facts About Prince Edward Island

Population: 155,318
Area: 2,190 sq. miles
Capital City: Charlottetown
Largest City: Charlottetown
Currency: Canadian Dollar
Official Language: English
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) $5.35 Billion

Nine Interesting Facts About Prince Edward Island

  • Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada by population and land area.
  • There are 22 islands in Canada and 103 islands in the world larger than Prince Edward Island.
  • Jacques Cartier was thought to be the first European to explore Prince Edward Island in 1534.
  • The island was called St. John's Island before it was Prince Edward Island.
  • Prince Edward Island became Canada's seventh province in 1873 after the nation of Canada agreed to assume its tremendous debt.
  • Charlottetown and Summerside are the island's only two official cities.
  • About half of Prince Edward Island is devoted to agriculture.
  • Prince Edward Island grows about 1/3 of all of Canada's potatoes.
  • The highest point on Prince Edward Island is a small hill known as Springton. It is 499 feet above sea level.


Prince Edward Island Flag

Like several of Canada's maritime provinces, the flag of Prince Edward Island is heavily influenced by English symbolism. The lion on top of the flag was similar to the lion that appeared on the coat of arms of Prince Edward himself (Duke of Kent) and that of King Edward VII. The saplings on the island at the bottom of the flag represent the three counties of Prince Edward Island under the protection of the large oak tree, which represents Great Britain. The island itself represents that both Prince Edward Island and Gret Britain are islands.