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La Paz

La Paz is Bolivia’s administrative capital and the world’s highest national capital, located between 10,650 and 13,250 feet above sea level. Due to the height of the city, visitors can sometimes experience challenges initially adjusting to the atmosphere and air pressure levels.The city was founded by a conquistador in 1548 with the name “Nuestra Senora de La Paz,” meaning Our Lady of Peace. La Paz is the location of Bolivia’s executive and legislative branches. The Plaza Murillo in La Paz is considered the city’s heart; it hosts a large cathedral as well as the government palaces.
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Sucre, Bolivia’s constitutional and judicial capital, was founded in 1539 at the location of a Charcas Indian village. The city was renamed Sucre in 1840 after Antonio Jose de Sucre, a prominent liberator and Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre is home to several museums, including the Casa de la Libertad, which contains Bolivia’s Declaration of Independence. It is also home to various instances of Spanish colonial architecture, which is the main reason it was a named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991. In addition, several sets of dinosaur tracks have been found at cement quarries and nearby sites in Sucre.

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Alto Madidi National Park

Created in 1995, Alto Madidi National Park is a jungle nature reserve located in Bolivia’s northern Amazon river basin. It is one of Bolivia’s largest protected areas as well as one of the most ecologically diverse places on the planet. Madidis’s topographical diversity is impressive, ranging from snow-capped mountains to tropical jungles. The park contains over 1,000 bird species, comprising 11% of all species; it is also home to several species of medicinal plants, capybaras, macaws, monkeys, and turtles. Countless indigenous communities also reside in Alto Madidi, including the Chamas, Maropas, Chimanes, and Tacanas groups.

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Carrasco National Park

Carrasco National Park is one of Bolivia’s most biologically diverse parks, featuring over 5,000 registered plant species. The area was created in 1991 in order to preserve plant and animal life; people are not allowed to live within the park. The park includes part of the Bolivian Yungas, an important moist broadleaf forest region in central Bolivia.

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Paraguay River

Paraguay River

The Paraguay River is the fifth largest river in South America. It is a major source of seasonal flooding, due to different flow rates between the source in Brazil and its mouth. The river’s drainage basin is often very hot and humid, featuring arid winters and wet summers.The Pantanal, a large seasonal swamp, is located on the river’s upper basin. The area surrounding the river is economically underdeveloped, and those that live along it engage in livestock-raising or subsistence agriculture. Steamers frequently use the river as a mode of transportation.

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Guapore River

Guaporè River

The Guaporè River forms part of the border between Bolivia and Brazil. In all, it extends for about 600 miles. The river runs through a tropical rainforest in which Indian and mestizo settlements reside; its clear water makes it easily distinguishable from nearby rivers. The area surrounding the Guaporè River was the site of 18th century conflicts between the Spanish and Portugese, as well as battles between the Europeans and native tribes. In the eighteenth century, a fort called Forte Principe de Beira was built where the Guaporè empties into the Mamore River on the Brazil side of the river. The fort was one of two built by the Portuguese in inner Brazil in an attempt to protect the region from the expanding Spanish empire.

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The Andes make up the world’s longest continental mountain range. The range stretches 4,300 miles in length, 430 miles in width, with an average height of about 13,000 feet. The Andes extend through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The mountains are separated into three divisions based on their climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes. The Andes are part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that make an almost continuous line of mountains that form the western “backbone” of North, Central, South America and Antarctica.

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La Paz

Fast Facts About Bolivia

Population: 11,428,245
Area: 424,164 sq. miles
Capital City: Sucre (constitutional); La Paz (seat of government)
Largest City: Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Currency: Boliviano
Official Language: Spanish and 36 indigenous languages
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) $89 Billion

Ten Interesting Facts About Bolivia

  • Bolivia is named after Simon Bolivar, a Venezuelan military leader who led the fight to gain independence from Spain for Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia in 1825. He later became Bolivia’s first president.
  • Several individuals dressed as zebras can be seen frequently on Bolivia’s streets. Their job? To help children cross the road safely and educate pedestrians on road safety.
  • The world’s most dangerous road, the Camino de las Yungas, is located in Bolivia.
  • The largest mirror on Earth, called Salar de Uyuni, can be found in Bolivia. Salar de Uyuni are Bolivia’s renowned salt flats.
  • The clock on Bolivia’s National Congress building in La Paz’s main square runs backwards instead of forwards. The gesture is symbolic, and is meant to remind Bolivian citizens to be unique and think differently.
  • Bolivia is one of only two South American countries that is landlocked - surrounded completely by land. The other is Paraguay.
  • In Bolivia’s San Pedro prison, inmates are allowed to stay with their families, earn money, and even buy accommodations for themselves.
  • The Hotel Luna Salad, a Bolivian hotel, is made completely with salt blocks. This even includes the hotel’s interior and furniture.
  • Over 70% of the Brazil nuts produced in the world come from Bolivia. The country exports almost 25 million tons of Brazil nuts around the world each year.
  • The national sport of Bolivia is soccer.


Bolivia Flag

The red on Bolivia’s flag represents the blood shed by the country’s heroes to keep it safe and preserve its republic. The green represents the country’s fertility and landscape, and the yellow represents the mineral deposits and natural resources present. The national coat of arms appears in the center of the yellow stripe. The national flag was adopted in 1851.
Luanda, Angola Congo River Mt. Moco Namibe, Angola Namib Desert