Vazquez de Coronado explores New Mexico searching
for the Fabled Seven Cities of Cibola.
1598: Juan de Oñate establishes the first
Spanish settlement in New Mexico and directs the
building of El Camino Real (Royal Road) from Mexico
to modern day New Mexico. That same year, the settlement
of Santa Fe was founded. It is the nation's second
oldest permanent settlement.
1680: Pueblo Indians revolt against the Spanish
presence in the area and succeed in driving them
1692: Spanish military forces reclaim the region.
1807: American Zebulon Pike explores the region
and visits Santa Fe.
along the Santa Fe Trail begin to descend upon
modern-day New Mexico. The 1846 Taos Revolt, staged
by local Indians, resulted in the scalping ofseveral
newly appointed American officials in the region.
1828-1840: Kit Carson and John C. Fremont explore
parts of New Mexico. Carson sets up headquarters
in Taos from which he makes plans to remove Indians
from the region.
1850: The New Mexico Territory is formed as a result
of the Compromise of 1850. The area originally included
Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado.
1853: The U.S. Government acquires the rest of New Mexico
in the Gadsden Purchase.
1862: Union forces defeat the Confederates at the Battle
of Glorietta Pass. The largest battle to have occurred
in New Mexico, it is sometimes referred to as "the
Gettysburg of the West."
1880: Railroads reach Santa Fe and Albuquerque spurring
1880: The great cattle boom in New Mexico establishes
it as a ranching center. Conflicting land claims
result in bitter feuds and the birth of outlaw legends
such as Billy the Kid.
1912: New Mexico is admitted as the 47th state.
1943: U.S. government develops nuclear weapons at the
Los Alamos Research Center. The first bombs are
tested near Alamogordo.
1947: U.F.O. claims are first made near Roswell.