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Spain for Kids

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Spain

 
Ten Interesting Facts
Spain Statistics (Fast Facts)
Flag and Symbolism
Printable Fact Sheet
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Click the points on the map to learn more.

Spain Map

 

Madrid

Madrid, Spain

Madrid is the capital city of Spain. With a population of more than three million people, it is also the largest city on the Iberian Peninsula. Located on a plateau 650 meters above sea level, Madrid is the highest capital city in Europe. Before becoming Spain’s capital in the 17th century, Madrid was occupied by the Moors, and then changed hands many times as different warriors, rulers, and kings took over the area. Eventually recognized as an important central location for Spanish rule, the 18th century in particular brought major renovations to improve the appearance and functionality of the city. Madrid is now known for its many museums and raving nightlife.

   
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Barcelona

Barcelona, Spain

The largest city in the north-eastern region of Catalonia, Barcelona is often considered the cosmopolitan capital of the region. It stands out as a city of unique art and architecture, as well as a vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene. Most notable in the city is the work of Antoni Gaudí, including La Sagrada Familia, Park Güell, and Casa Batlló. The artist’s ‘gaudy’ style is seen in his modernist designs of buildings, sculptures, tile work, and more. Barcelona is also home to one of the most famous and decorated football (soccer) clubs in Europe, FC Barcelona.

   
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Cordoba, Spain

Córdoba, Spain

Cordoba, a city in the south of Spain (Andalusia), is known for its extensive history under Moorish rule. Cordoba’s most significant building, the Great Mosque, was built in the 8th century after the Moorish conquest, and later turned into a cathedral in the 13th century. The Historic Centre of Cordoba reflects influence by Roman, Visigoth, Islam, Judaic, and Christian cultural groups who have all resided in the area.

   
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El Camino de Santiago

El Camino de Santiago

Translated as “The Way of St. James,” El Camino is a network of walking routes primarily through northern Spain, all leading towards the city of Santiago de Compostela. In the Middle Ages, these routes were walked as a pilgrimage for Catholics returning to the tomb of St. James. The most popular route stretches nearly 500 miles.

   
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Balearic Islands

Balearic Islands

An archipelago of islands in the western Mediterranean Sea, Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza, and Formentera make up the four main Balearic islands. Of the 151 islands in the group, only five (the main four, plus Cabrera) are inhabited. The islands are popular tourist destinations and attracted over two million people in 2015. Tennis star Rafael Nadal is a native of the island of Majorca.

   
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La Alhambra Grenada

La Alhambra Grenada

La Alhambra’s name comes from Arabic, meaning red or crimson castle. First built in Granada in the 9th century, La Alhambra was a fort taken over by the Moors in the 13th century, who restored it and constructed new palaces and buildings on the site. Granada was the last city in Spain ruled by the Moors until it was eventually conquered by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492. In 1984, La Alhambra became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

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Fast Facts About Spain

   
Population: 43,484,000
Area: 195,363 square miles
Capital City: Madrid
Largest City: Madrid
Currency: Euro
Official Language: Castilian Spanish (Catalan, Galician, Basque)
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) $1.3 Trillion
   

Ten Interesting Facts About Spain

 
– Spain is the third-largest country in Europe.
– Spain is made up of 17 autonomous regions, each with their own geography and culture.
– Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula. Sapin also administers both the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic.
– About 11% of Spain’s economy is supported by the tourism industry.
– The Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain (Europe) from Morocco (Africa) – at it’s closest point, the two continents are only 8 miles apart.
– Spain is home of the siesta, a mid-afternoon break when shops and restaurants typically close and residents are known to rest, take care of their families, and enjoy a midday nap.
– After the Vatican City and Jerusalem, the third holiest location for the Catholic Church is the city of Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
– The 1992 Summer Olympic Games were hosted in Barcelona.
– Spain is home to five major mountains spread throughout the country, including the Pyrenees range, which divides Spain and France.
Don Quixote, considered to be the first modern novel, was written by Spaniard Miguel de Cervantes

 

 

Spain Flag

 
Spain Flag
 
The red and yellow colors of the Spanish flag represent the colors of the oldest Spanish kingdoms: Aragon, Castile, Leon, and Navarre. The coat of arms displays the emblems of each of the four kingdoms, while the two columns represent the Pillars of Hercules and the red scroll stretched across reads “Plus Ultra,” meaning “further beyond.” The crown placed on top represents the Spanish monarchy.