|Samuel de Champlain
- Much of Canada and the northeastern United States
- Champlain was looking for the Northwest Passage. It was mythical because it not exist.
- Champlain’s first colony was unsuccessful because only 9 of the 32 settlers survived. France needed to send reinforcements because so many died.
- Champlain’s expeditions resulted in France’s first permanent settlement in the New World.
- Coronado was searching for the mythical Seven Cities of Cibola and the city of Quivira. He thought each were fabulously wealthy and that he would take gold from them.
- Coronado discovered much of the American southwest including the Grand Canyon and Colorado River.
- Coronado and his men barged into Indian villages, took them over by force, and stole their food. These incidents scared other tribes who quickly submitted to Coronado’s demands.
- Coronado’s Cross commemorates the first ever Christian mass held in the interior of America.
|Legends, Myths, Destinations (part one)
- Polo described materials and inventions never before seen in Europe. Paper money, a printing press, porcelain, gunpowder and coal were among the products he wrote about.
- The Silk Road was dangerous and expensive to travel on.
- They told the natives that their armies would be invincible if they converted.
- Explorers were hoping to find a Northwest Passage so they could find a quicker way Asia (the Indies). Today, global warming threatens to melt enough Arctic ice to make an actual Northwest Passage.
- Sea storms, diseases such as Scurvy, dirty living conditions, contaminated food etc.
|Legends, Myths, Destinations (part two)
- Coronado’s expedition explored modern-day Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico. He never found the Seven Cities of Cibola, but did discover the Grand Canyon and claimed lots of land for Spain.
- Ponce de Leon was searching for the Fountain of Youth. Although he never found it, his travels led to the discovery of Florida and the first permanent European settlement in the New World at St. Augustine
- Answers vary
- Explorers and crews may have felt St. Elmo’s fire was a divine sign because they had no other explanation of the lights that danced around the masts of their ships.
- The Queen of Spain demanded the beheading of Sir Francis Drake because he was a pirate who plundered many Spanish vessels that were carrying gold and riches back to Spain.
|Lewis and Clark Adventure
- A fight nearly ensued after one of the chiefs demanded a boat before Lewis and Clark could pass.
- Toussaint Charbonneau; Sacagawea
- Grizzly Bear
- An imaginary boundary line that runs north to south through the Rocky Mountains, separating rivers that flow west to the Pacific Ocean from those that flow south and east toward the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
- Sacagawea’s brother, Cameahwait, was the chief of the tribe.
- They were forced to eat colts.
- Estuary of the Columbia River.
- It was constantly rainy and cold.
|13 Colonies Artisans and Trades
- Someone who makes candles
- Milliner shop
- From chemicals such as Mercury used in hat production. Such chemicals could affect people’s brains
- A large barrel used to transport tobacco
- Tannin, iron sulfate, gum, and water
- A book of predictions and sayings published by Benjamin Franklin
- Decomposed limestone used by silversmiths
- Religion played a large role in all the colonies. Puritans dominated New England, various religious groups lived together in the middle colonies, and most people in the Southern Colonies belonged to the Church of England
- Omaha, Nebraska
- Denver, Colorado
- San Jose, California
- Sacramento, California
- Chicago, Illinois
- Dallas, Texas
- Louisville, Kentucky
- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Charleston, South Carolina
- The most massive volcanic eruption in
recorded history occurred.
- 2,000 years
- 277 miles;
between four and eighteen miles in width
- By explorers searching for the Seven Cities of Cibola
- Pike’s Peak
- Golden Spike
- Theodore Roosevelt National Park
- Chimney Rock
- They think it could dry up.
- Flat grasslands, rolling hills with few trees
- It seeps into the ground or forms playas
- Saguaro Cacti
- A lake with no outflow
- Pike’s Peak
- Maine; Georgia (or vice versa)
- Maine – Blue Mts., Vermont – Green Mts., New Hampshire – White Mts., Virginia & North Carolina – Blue Ridge, Tennessee – Smokies
|U.S. National Parks
- Great Smoky Mtn.
- Bryce Canyon – Great Basin
- Lassen Volcanic
- Plug Dome, Shield, Cinder Cone, Strato
- Carlsbad Caverns
- Joshua Tree
- Hot Springs
- Great Basin