Parents and Teachers: Please note we are making some internal changes to the site. As a result, the Great American Multiplication Challenge, Spellerz!, Burnside's Billions and couple of other games will not show statistics or return save codes for the next few days. They will be playable, but no data will be saved. They should be fully functional again by the end of the week. As always, please support this site by following me on FACEBOOK or TWITTER.

Second Continental Congress

 

This Page Describes the Second Continental Congress

 

Home >> United States History >> American Revolution >> Causes and Effects >> Second Continental Congress

 

American Revolution

 
Home
Causes and Effects
Timeline
American Revolution Interactive
People of the Revolution
Loyalists/Patriots
Videos
Printable Activities
Online Activities
Battles List
Clip Art
Who is Your Founding Father?
Revolutionary Flags
Make Your Own Map!
 

Causes

 
Proclamation of 1763
Stamp Act
Townshend Act
Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party/Intolerable Acts
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
Common Sense
 

Effects

 
Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Federalist Papers
Bill of Rights
Federalists vs Republicans
Assumption
French Revolution
Jay Treaty
Citizen Genet
Newspaper Wars
John Adams’ Presidency and the XYZ Affair
 

Major American Wars

 
French and Indian War
Revolutionary War
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War
First Continental Congress

Second Continental Congress

 

On May 10, 1775, the Continental Congress met for the second time in Philadelphia. Unlike the circumstances during which the first Congress was held, the American Revolution had begun and American soldiers, known as “minutemen” had been killed. The delegates to the Second Continental Congress chose John Hancock, a wealthy Massachusetts merchant and chief financial contributor to the Sons of Liberty, as president. While Georgia refused to send a delegate to the First Continental Congress, they eventually agreed to send one this time.

The Second Continental Congress made decisions like an actual government. It authorized the production of paper money and named Benjamin Franklin Postmaster General (in charge of the Post Office). Most importantly, it authorized the creation of the Continental Army and George Washington as Commander-in-Chief. It would become the legislative branch of the war effort that would sign treaties, make declarations, and appoint ambassadors.

Some delegates of the Second Continental Congress still wished to avoid war, most notably John Dickinson from Pennsylvania. They sent a petition known as the Olive Branch Petition to Parliament to express their wish for peace and to appeal to the king to respect their rights. At the same time, the British had intercepted a letter from John Adams stating his belief that war was inevitable and that the United States should have already built up its military. Subsequently, the Olive Branch Petition was rejected by England, and King George hired 30,000 German troops to fight alongside the British in War against America.

On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress approved the measure to declare independence from England. Two days later, the actual Declaration of Independence was approved.