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13 Colonies – Massachusetts Colony for Kids

   

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This page is about the founding of and history of the Massachusetts Colony. Did you know its original settlers signed the Mayflower Compact, the first example of self-rule in the 13 colonies?

 

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Mayflower Compact

Mayflower Compact

Massachusetts Colony Activities on MrNussbaum.com

 
Plymouth Reading Comprehension Online – This is an online reading comprehension exercise with ten questions. Students get immediate feedback. Appropriate for grades 5-9.
Plymouth Colony Printable Reading Comprehension – This is a two-page printable reading comprehension exercise. The first page contains the text and the second page contains the multiple choice questions. Appropriate for grades 5-9.
Massachusetts Bay Colony Printable Reading Comprehension – This is a two-page printable reading comprehension exercise. The first page contains the text and the second page contains the multiple choice questions. Appropriate for grades 4-7.
New England Colonies Informational Sheet – Informational printable with a map that details the geographic, climatic, economic, and religious conditions in the Southern Colonies
Salem Highway Welcome Sign and Slogan – This activity requires users to create a highway sign for Salem, Massachusetts in 1693. Students must come up with a funny slogan that commemorates the Witch Trials of 1692.
Massachusetts Today – This is a beautiful interactive, clickable map of Massachusetts that allows kids to click on its cities, landmarks, and places of interest, to learn in-depth information about their histories.
Plymouth – Learn all about the famous Plymouth colony
The Mayflower – Learn all about this iconic ship that carried the Pilgrims across the ocean.
Salem – Learn all about the village made infamous by the 1692 witch trials.
 

History of the Massachusetts Colony

 

The colony of Massachusetts was founded in 1620, when the Pilgrims arrived from England and formed the Plymouth Colony (Click here to learn about the early days of Plymouth). Although the Pilgrims were ravaged by disease and hunger, they managed to write the Mayflower Compact, a local government that established rules and regulations in order to ensure the colony’s survival. Upon their arrival, local Wamapanoag Indians, led by Chief Massasoit, taught them to plant crops. About half the original passengers on the Mayflower survived. In 1620, the Pilgrims and Indians celebrated what some consider the first Thanksgiving.

In 1629, Puritans founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in Boston. The Puritan colony grew quickly and soon became the economic and religious center of Massachusetts. Unlike the Pilgrims, who came to Massachusetts for religious freedom, the Puritans came for religious purification, and were intolerant of other religious groups. Many religious groups were banned from Massachusetts and several dissenters exiled by the Puritans, such as Roger Williams and Joseph Hooker, founded other colonies (Rhode Island and Connecticut).