Cactus Wren – State Bird of Arizona
Description: At about eight inches in length, the thrasher-like Cactus Wren is the largest North American wren. Both males and females have white bellies speckled with brown, black throats, white eyebrow stripes, and a reddish brown crown. The wings and back are brown, splattered with white and black feathers. The Cactus Wren has a long, curved bill.
Diet: The Cactus Wren eats grasshoppers, beetles, wasps, ants, seeds, and fruits. It will occasionally take small lizards. The Cactus Wren gets most of the water it needs from its prey.
Range: The Cactus Wren breeds in desert regions of eastern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas, and throughout northern Mexico.
Habitat: Cactus Wrens are desert birds, found in arid regions with cacti large enough to support the weight of their large, bulky nests.
Nesting: Cactus Wrens nest in large cacti, thickets, or bushes. The bulky nest is shaped sort of like a football. The nest has a side entrance to protect the fledgling from predators. Females lay between three to six eggs. Young wrens hatch after two weeks and depend on their parents for food for an additional month.
Cactus Wren Video
Cactus Wren Song