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War of 1812: Battle of York

 

Home >> United States History >> War of 1812

 

War of 1812

 
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Battles/Events

 
Battle of Tippecanoe
Fort Meigs
York
Fort Mackinac
Chippewa
Thames
Fort Detroit
Fort Dearborn
Lake Erie
Lacolle Mills
Crysler’s Farm
Plattsburgh
Queenston’s Heights
Lundy’s Lane
Frenchtown
Baltimore/Ft. McHenry
Washington
Bladensburg
Creek War/Horseshoe Bend
New Orleans
 

Important People

 
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
Dolley Madison
Andrew Jackson
Tecumseh
Oliver Hazard Perry
William Henry Harrison
Francis Scott Key
 

Major American Wars

 
French and Indian War
Revolutionary War
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War

Battle of York

Battle of York – April 27, 1813

The Battle of York, which would later be called the Battle of Toronto, was classified as a Pyrrhic American victory. A Pyrrhic victory is a victory that comes at a great cost, such as a large number of casualties or loss of supplies.

American forces under the combined command of Henry Dearborn, Isaac Chauncy and Zebulon Pike landed in York and immediately set out to attack Fort York. The British force of 400 soldiers under the command Roger Sheaffe had no chance to make a stand. Instead, they blew up hundreds of barrels of gunpowder in the fort and set fire to the HMS Isaac Brock (a ship). The explosion killed Zebulon Pike and caused the deaths of many soldiers.

After the battle, American soldiers burned much of York. Although the Americans captured important British supplies meant for use in future battles, York was abandoned five days after the battle.