Samuel Adams was an American revolutionary and organizer of the infamous Boston Tea Party. He also signed the Declaration of Independence. Adams was born in 1722 to a wealthy family. He graduated from Harvard University in 1740 and received a master’s degree in 1743. After the death of his father in 1748, Samuel took over the family’s brewery business.
Sons of Liberty and Patriot Causes
After the brewery failed in 1764, Adams devoted himself to political causes. He was voted to the Massachusetts colonial legislature and vociferously opposed the Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts in 1767 and even helped stage riots. In 1773, Adams organized the Boston Tea Party in response to the Tea Tax imposed by the British Crown. As British tea ships waited for payments in Boston Harbor, Adams and a band of men dressed up as Indians, boarded the ships, and dumped the tea into the harbor to the delight of spectators. In 1774, Adams became Massachusetts’ representative in the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Adams was instrumental in developing the 1777 Articles of Confederation and was elected to the state senate of Massachusetts in 1781. He served for seven years before becoming its president in 1788. He was elected governor of Massachusetts in 1793 and served for four years.