Parents and Teachers: In honor of Veterans Day, please check out my extensive resources on United States History and United States Geography. These sections contain hundreds of interactive and printable resources as well as fun online games, interactive maps, and much more! As always, please support this site by following me on FACEBOOK or TWITTER.

Harriet Tubman Biography for Kids

 

This page describes the life and times of Harriet Tubman

 

Home >> United States History >> Civil War >> Causes and Effects >> Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

 

Civil War

 
Home
Causes and Effects
Civil War Interactive
Civil War: Challenge and Discovery
Civil War Battles
Gettysburg in Depth
People of the Civil War
Union and Confederacy
Women in the Civil War
African Americans in the Civil War
Death in the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln: IN DEPTH
Civil War Online Activities
Civil War Printable Activities
Make Your Own Map!
 

Causes of the Civil War

 
Missouri Compromise
Nat Turner Rebellion
Wilmot Proviso
Slavery
Underground Railroad
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Ostend Manifesto
Dred Scott Decision
John Brown Rebellion
Election of Abraham Lincoln
Secession
 

Effects of the Civil War

 
Emancipation Proclamation
The Division of Virginia
Reconstruction
Scalawags and Carpetbaggers
Jim Crow Laws
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
 

Major American Wars

 
French and Indian War
Revolutionary War
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman Activities on MrNussbaum.com

 
Harriet Tubman Online Reading Comprehension: These are online reading comprehension exercise with ten questions. Students get immediate feedback. Appropriate for: Grades 3-4 | grades 5-6
 
These are printable reading comprehension passages with ten questions. Answers here. Appropriate for: Grades 3-4 | grades 5-6
 
Interactive Harriet Tubman Book – Here is an awesome interactive, animated book about the life of Harriet Tubman.
 

Harriet Tubman was one of the most famous American women in history. She was born on March 10, 1821 in Dorchester County, Maryland, the daughter of slaves on a Maryland plantation. Her original name was Araminta Ross and she was nicknamed “Minty.” From an early age she worked as servant at the plantation house. As a teenager, she suffered a vicious head wound as she tried to protect a fellow slave from a beating. According to legend, the woman who was beating the other slave hurled a two pound weight, hitting Harriet in the head. Her injury would haunt her for the reminder of her life, resulting in periodic fainting spells.

Tubman spent her early life as a slave. In 1844, she married a free Black man named John Tubman, who would prove disloyal. Life as a slave was extremely difficult. They were forced to work in the merciless heat without rest. They were often beaten and forced to live in poor conditions. In the early and mid 1800’s, slaves were often sold to southern plantations where they would never have contact with their families again. Harriet was a particularly strong and powerful woman who could be sold for a hefty sum. Fearing that she was about to be sold, Harriet resolved to run away. Despite the brutal punishment that would be inflicted upon her if she was caught, Harriet took off in the middle of the night sometime in 1849 and headed north to freedom. She gained assistance along the way by abolitionist Quaker families who hung specially designed carpets or lights on the outside of their houses as a sign that runaway slaves were welcome and would receive help. She traveled by night through the dense woodlands of Maryland, guided north by the North Star and the moss that grew on the north side of the trees. She eventually made it to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a free city where she landed a job and saved money. After living in Philadelphia for two years, Harriet decided to return to Maryland, in the hopes of freeing her family members. She succeeded in guiding her sister and mother to freedom along the same path that she had taken. This path became known as the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a network of woodland paths scattered throughout parts of the south that led to freedom in the north. Harriet returned again and guided her father and brother to freedom.

Soon, Harriet became known as the “conductor” on the Underground Railroad and made more daring trips to the south to guide more slaves to their freedom. Harriet devised strategies to trick various parties that tried to capture her. If she was traveling with a baby, she would use herbal drugs to ensure it didn’t cry. She made sure that she traveled on Saturdays as “runaway notices” in southern newspapers could not be printed until Monday. Harriet’s daring “forays” continued to elude slave hunters who were offered huge bounties for returning slaves to their owners. By 1856, a $40,000 bounty was placed on her capture – dead or alive. She became a serious threat to southern plantation owners who made large investments in their slaves. In one famous story, Harriet was close to being captured at a bus station. To avoid capture, she pulled out a book and pretended to read. Since nearly all slaves were illiterate, the hunters simply ignored her and continued their search.

By 1860, Tubman was said to have completed 19 successful journeys on the Underground Railroad, freeing as many as 300 slaves. She was never captured, nor were any of her “passengers.” During the Civil War, she served as a cook, nurse, and spy for the Union army. After the war, she settled in Troy, New York, where she would die in 1913.